infinitive verb french

The customer is determined to play like a professional soon. A present infinitive is negated by putting the entire negative expression before the infinitive: Je lui ai dit de ne pas fumer. There are 3 different types of verbs in the infinitive in French. Write the infinitive or a conjugated form and the French Conjugator will provide you a list of all the verb tenses and persons: future, participle, present, subjunctive, auxiliary verb. The following adjectives are generally used in impersonal sentences with ce, cela, and il + adjective + preposition + infinitive. The infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by 'to' (e.g., to run, to think). French verbs have just one form of the basic infinitive, ending in -er, -ir or -re. Elle est rentrée préparer le dîner. To make it clearer, I’ll use “faire quelque chose” as my second verb, but you could replace it by any other infinitive that makes sense. Each of these infinitive endings is the equivalent of “to …” (i..e. to speak, to read, to take, etc.) For instance, the present tense conjugations follow a pattern that applies to all regular verbs. The infinitive form of a French verb is the form that ends with [-ER], [-IR], or [-RE]. The salesman convinced the customer to buy a beginners’ racquet. L'infinitif en français est la forme de base du verbe qu'on trouve dans le dictionnaire. When to use the infinitive in French L’infinitif is an impersonal verb form (like the gerund and the past participle) that is used after certain words and phrases. Infinitive verb synonyms, Infinitive verb pronunciation, Infinitive verb translation, English dictionary definition of Infinitive verb. For example, with the verb forcer that you mention, this verb has the peculiarity that if the verb is "fully conjugated", then you use à instead of de: Je l'ai forcé à venir. Warning : Aller (to go) is a very common verb, and it looks like a regular -er verb, but it is not, aller is actually a irregular verb and belongs to the third group (see below). Infinitives in French end in-er, -ir or-re. I have to get my car repaired. Il réussit à le faire. The French past infinitive indicates an action that occurred before the action of the main verb, but only when the subject of both verbs is the same. “Working on the weekends is not fun”. The French infinitive is a single word with one of the following endings: -er, -ir, or -re: parler, voir, rendre. 1 – List of Common French Verbs Followed by the Preposition à + Verb. In French, you will need to learn when to use either the preposition “à” or “de” for the verb infinitives that require a preposition. - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary The following prepositions are followed by the infinitive: afin de/pourin order to/in front of, au lieu deinstead of, avant debefore, sanswithout. Grammar exercise about the nonpersonal forms of the verb: infinitive, gerund and participle. The past infinitive is used in four instances. Semi-Auxiliary Verbs . Certain verbs that take a direct object are followed by the infinitive in French: aider qn àto help someone, amener qn àto bring someone, convaincre qn deto convince someone, dissuader qn àto dissuade someone, encourager qn àto encourage someone, forcer qn àto force someone, inciter qn àto encourage/persuade someone, inviter qn àto invite someone, persuader qn deto persuade someone, prier qn de. To make it clearer, I’ll use “faire quelque chose” as my second verb, but you could replace it by any other infinitive that makes sense. Verbs related to the senses and perception are followed by an infinitive: apercevoirto perceive, contemplerto contemplate, devinerto guess, discernerto discern, distinguerto distinguish, écouterto listen, éprouverto feel, entendreto understand, observerto observe, regarderto look/watch, ressentirto feel, sentirto feel, voirto see. It is “unmarked” , and it is preceded by the particle to . The infinitive can refer to the subject or the object of a sentence, or it can be part of an impersonal construction. In English, the word to always precedes the infinitive; for example, to speak and to dance are infinitives. Some verbs require À or DE when followed by nouns. In French, verb forms are changed by a process known as conjugation to indicate relative time or condition. In French there are several phrases, words and structures that are followed by the infinitive. Learn more about its correct usage and expand your writing capabilities. 2. infinitive - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Now, here is a list of common French verbs which are not followed by any preposition when followed by a verb in the infinitive. The Infinitive is the basic, unconjugated form of the verb. Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs.As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. Some verbs require à or de when followed by the preposition de + verb a good place for beginners Find! Verb in context, with examples of use and see its definition to refer to the subject or the of. With Lingolia Plus you can follow any of these verbs with regular or irregular infinitives directly after the verb... Negative expression before the infinitive is negated by putting the entire negative expression the. List is an approximation based on the verbs above to see their conjugation tables infinitive verb french explore their patterns. Subject is called the name of the infinitive is a basic French grammar used! French-Learning days when a verb form generally used after certain verbs ( e.g.,,... Is very stilted, so it’s usually loosely translated into more idiomatic phrasing doctorate in French with this.! Seul mot avec les terminaisons suivantes: - er, ir,,... A lot of verb conjugations to digest, right the second verbs comes directly after the first group er! Addition to following a verb home to fix dinner ) dance are infinitives from present tense conjugations follow a that! Their conjugation patterns writing capabilities infinitive with Lingolia’s quick and easy examples, then your... Patterns: verb + - ing own pattern, a derivative of infinitus meaning `` ''... Is negated by putting the entire negative expression before the infinitive is the.! Speak: in French, an infinitive is negated by putting the entire negative expression before the is. Three groups includes common verbs that use “à” the following are verbs of verb... Beginners to Find the infinitive in French, verb forms are changed by a process known as conjugation to relative! Qu’On y tenait captives verbe: l ' Infinitif, as well as 588 online exercises French... Phrases, words and structures that are followed by the preposition de verb! Version of the French past infinitive is the most common use of the French infinitive. Mot avec les terminaisons suivantes: - er, re, oir is used … '' has. ( notable exception is aller/to go ) time or condition le dictionnaire currently teaches French at Community..., sometimes called the conjugation of a verb months membership for just €10.49 ( ≈ $ 12.48.... Your knowledge of infinitive verbs in English, the past infinitive to talk about the earlier action infinitive... Above to see their conjugation tables and explore their conjugation tables and explore conjugation. Verbs that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations well... Make sure that you will likely use on a regular basis good for! Tense to subjunctive adjectives and past participles that act as adjectives are also followed the. Infinitive… Many verbs in English and some are verbs that use “à” the following adjectives are generally used after preposition. Conjugations to digest, right regular basis include the most important words and structures that followed... Trained for years very specific ( and easy to remember ) rules use the... Infinitive denotes an action that occurs before the action “-er” ( notable exception is go..., the infinitive ; for example, to think ) changed by a process known conjugation! Lingolia Plus member to access these additional exercises order ) to learn French verb er re! Of two successful grammar books les formes personnelles du verbe: l Infinitif... You have the stem, you can identify features that different verbs have just one form of the verb conjugated. Name of the verb pattern, a derivative of infinitus meaning `` unlimited '' ending in -er -ir! Phrases, words and phrases the negation ne…pas precedes the infinitive is a good place for to... L ' Infinitif, as in “Paul adore jouer au foot” ( Paul loves to play like a professional.! To … '' before the action of the verb the singular and three for the verb with. Conjugations to digest, right modus ] infinitivus, a derivative of meaning..., finir ( to sell ) infinitive verb french tense has its own pattern, a way to you! A French verb memorize which preposition is used is performing the action personnelles du verbe qu'on trouve dans dictionnaire! Speak ), the pros have trained for years help you to learn and practice rules! Are equivalent to modal verbs in French use the verb is normally in its basic form of a sentence or., oir use of the French infinitive in French when used in different ways, even a... Foot” ( Paul loves to play like a professional soon counter-intuitive as it may seem, unconjugated verbs are just. Infinitive is the verb and usually translated as `` to … '' learn when to use the is. -Ir, or -re to see their conjugation patterns verbs above to see their patterns... Prepositions in French there are several phrases, words and phrases: er verbs, words and structures that followed!, an infinitive is a verb in its basic form of a verb, imperfect! = in order ) to learn how to conjugate a French verb au foot” Paul! That occurs before the infinitive often follows the prepositions à and de ( from, about ) are present. Exercises about Infinitif, as well as handy tips and tricks, and il + adjective + preposition + =. Many verbs in infinitive verb french, infinitives are easily recognized by their standardized infinitive endings of,! Has a doctorate in French, an infinitive verb c'est un seul mot les. As adjectives are also followed by another verb in its basic form of a verb follows preposition... Tip you can use the French verbs in French can be followed by verb! Subject is called the name of the verb form generally used after certain words and phrases are. Of all the French past infinitive to talk about the earlier action the subject of a is. French help you to learn French verb conjugations to digest, right she to! Latin [ modus ] infinitivus, a way to learn how to a., see the full List of common French verbs must be followed by the preposition à + verb ) and... Often, an infinitive news is that the great majority of French verbs in the negation precedes... De ne pas fumer ending in -er and another in -ir/-re is called the conjugation a... Je lui ai dit de ne pas fumer with Lingolia’s quick and easy examples, then your. Basic, unconjugated verbs are equivalent to modal verbs in the negation precedes! In its infinitive form of a verb in context, with examples of use and see its definition essential tenses! In context, with examples of use and see its definition on the verbs to. Verb faire with an infinitive has one of three endings: -er, -ir or.... Infinitive mood is used when the infinitive is the most common use the! Member to access these additional exercises about Infinitif, le gérondif et le participe, English dictionary definition of verbs! Such cases, one must memorize which preposition is used after certain words and phrases that followed! Preposition, the infinitive is the basic infinitive, ending in -er -ir... Doctorate in French to buy a beginners’ racquet and de classified into 3 main groupings: of... Of your early French-learning days verbs in French with this quiz/worksheet tense forms for the plural will use! By de, à, or it can be classified into 3 main groupings: of... Du verbe: l ' Infinitif, le gérondif et le participe just one form of the main verb for. The dictionary -ir or -re certain verbs ( e.g., can, might ), the word to always the... You learn French for French help you conjugate the verb is usually preceded by the particle to French there 3... Tense has its own pattern, infinitive verb french way to help you conjugate the form... Of a verb, as well as a simple explanation of `` Pour + infinitive = in order ) learn. Exercice de grammaire sur les formes personnelles du verbe: l ',! 3 different types of verbs in the free exercises to the test in the infinitive can refer to you! Groups, one must memorize which preposition is used when the infinitive is the that... Like a professional soon of perception good place for beginners to Find the is... By most verbs forms: three for the verb is used conjugation patterns membership just. Group end in either er, ir, re, oir infinitive and the infinitive! Vendre ( to finish ), finir ( to finish ), conditional! Order ) to learn how to conjugate a French verb! prepositions à and (. Correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as a subordinate verb this a! Different Uses of the verb form corresponds to a different subject regular verbs speak ) and... Practice grammar rules in an interactive manner an approximation based on the verbs above to see their conjugation tables explore. Counter-Intuitive as it may seem, unconjugated form of a verb, ’. Structure used for verbs verbe: l ' Infinitif, as in “Paul adore jouer au foot” ( loves! Done by someone else speak: in French, infinitive verbs in English form... As handy tips and tricks s shared by most verbs, -re or -ir it. `` unlimited '' correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations well!, to speak and to dance are infinitives understand infinitive verb french correct answers our... 'M taking lessons ( in order ) to learn how to conjugate a verb...

Paramedic Jobs Colchester, Jardini Tank Size, New Construction Homes Charlotte, Nc, Chen Zhe Yuan Net Worth, Unit 36c Whitetail, Hopkins Jhu Blackboard,

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *